Curriculum | Department of Linguistics (2023)

Table of Contents
Linguistics outside the classroom General education courses Department course descriptions 2000/2000H - Introduction to linguistics 2001. - Linguistic and formal reasoning 2051/2051H - Analysis of the sound of the language 2367.01/2367.01H - Language, sex and gender in American culture 2367.02 - Language and advertising 2501 - Language learning 3000 - Linguistics in writing 3191 - Linguistic practice 3401 - Words and meanings 3501 - Introduction to Native American Languages 3502 - Klingon, Elven, Dothraki: The Linguistics of the Man-Made Languages 3601 - Language, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States 3603 - Intercultural language 3605 - Language and social justice 3701/3701H - Language and thoughtCross listed as PSYCH 3371 3801 - Creating and breaking passwords 3802/3802H - language and data processing 3803 - The ethics of language technology 3901 - Language development and language change 3902 - Language danger and language death 4052 - Linguistics and scientific method 4100 - Phonetics 4200 - Grammatik 4300 - Phonology Chapter 4350 4400 - Linguistic meaning 4550 - Introduction to field methods in linguistics 4602 - Language and affiliation in the United States 4780 - Bachelor scientific seminar 5050 - Technical tools for linguists 5051 - Quantitative methods 5101 - Phonetics: Voice theory 5102 - Laboratory phonology 5201 - Syntactic theory 5202 - Theory of syntax II 5301 - Phonetic theory I 5302 - Topics in Advanced Phonology 5351 - Morphological theory 5401 - Semantic theory I 5402 - Semantic theory II 5451 - Formalna pragmatika 5500 - language description 5501 - Introduction to African American EnglishCross listed as AFAMAST 5501 5551 - Terensic method I 5552 - Another field method 5601 - Introduction to Sociolinguistics 5602 - Introduction to Quantitative Sociolinguistics 5603 - Field methods in sociolinguistics 5612 - Introduction to Cognitive ScienceListed as PSYCH 5612, PHILOS 5830, CSE 5531 5651 - Exposure to language 5700 - Informal continuing education in natural sciencesCross listed as PSYCH 5700 and EDUTL 5700 5701 - Psycholinguistics I LING 5702 - Cognitive models of language 5703 - Psycholinguistic methods of eye tracking 5801 - Computational linguistics I 5802 - Datalinguistic II 5803 - Computational semantics 5891 - Cognitive Science SeminarCross listed as CSE 5891, ISE 5891, PHILOS 5891, PSYCH 5891 5901 - Introduction to historical linguistics 5906 - Special Topics in Indo-Iranian Linguistics Advanced studies FAQs Videos

Linguistics outside the classroom

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General education courses

GE Requirements for Arts and Sciences Students (Old and New GE Information)

Looking for courses that meet specific GE requirements? See the list of linguistics courses organized by GE Category:

  • Linguistics course meeting traditional GE requirements (for first-time students entering before AU22)
  • Linguistics courses that meet the new GE requirements (for first-time students entering AU22 or above)

Department course descriptions

Courses at level 1000 to 4000 are bachelor courses. The 5000 Level Program is a joint bachelor's and master's program. Undergraduate students who have taken at least one 4000-level course and are interested in continuing their studies are encouraged to enroll in a 5000-level course. Students can contact the course instructor or language tutor if they have questions about these courses.

In addition to the courses listed below, students may also earn course credit by conducting independent research or working as a research assistant. Students working as research assistants in the Linguistics program may receive credit for LING 3191 (Internship in Linguistics). Ling 4998/4998H is intended for independent study and does not lead to a bachelor's degree. Dissertation and Ling 4999/4999H for independent research leading to a bachelor's degree. paper. These course numbers require instructor permission.

2000/2000H - Introduction to linguistics

GEL culture and philosophy
GEN Foundation: Social and Behavioral Sciences

This course examines language as a system of human communication. It also gives students the tools they need to record, examine, and carefully analyze language. The course contains a general overview of language and linguistics. A number of topics related to human knowledge and language use are systematically studied. The examples are primarily taken from English, but other languages ​​are also used to illustrate certain concepts. However, the focus of the course is not on one or more specific languages; rather, it is about properties common to all languages ​​and the ways in which languages ​​can differ.


2001. - Linguistic and formal reasoning

GEL Quantitative reasoning: mathematical and logical analysis
GEN Foundation: Mathematics and Quantitative Reasoning
GEN Embedded Literacy: Data Analysis

The aim of the course is to get students thinking analytically about syntax, meaning and inference in sufficiently abstract terms to cover both natural languages ​​(such as English) and artificial formal languages ​​(in this case first-order logic) ), to understand that they underlying structures are similar, and to understand some basic differences. This goal is to introduce students to two formal systems, first-order logic and formal sentence structure grammar, (1) to use these systems to analyze syntax and reasoning in symbolic form and in English, and (3) to the principles of collaborative communication. and natural language. Prerequisite: MATH 1075 or equivalent, or R-level mathematics


2051/2051H - Analysis of the sound of the language

Analysis of gel data
GEN Foundation: Mathematics and Quantitative Reasoning
GEN Embedded Literacy: Data Analysis

In this course we introduce related ideas and insights from various disciplines that contribute to our understanding of language sounds. We will introduce some of the quantitative analysis tools used in speech science and conduct several experiments in class to learn about the various research methods that speech scientists have developed to try to determine how humans produce and perceive speech. Prerequisite: MATH 1075 or 1148, or mathematics level R


2367.01/2367.01H - Language, sex and gender in American culture

GEL writing and communication: level 2; GEL diversity: social diversity in the United States
GEN Embedded Literacy: Advanced Writing

This course examines how cultural beliefs about gender influence language and language use, and how these beliefs are reinforced by language conventions that express gender differences. The course deals with the linguistic structures and usage patterns that both men and women exhibit. The study focused on the following questions: How do members of each gender use language differently? How does language treat gender differently? How do these differences affect our knowledge, attitudes and behavior in everyday life? Sexual language learning in children and cross-cultural aspects of these issues are discussed. Prerequisites: English 1110.01, 1110.02, 1110.03 or equivalent; and the knowledge of a sophomore


2367.02 - Language and advertising

GEL writing and communication: Level 2
GEN Embedded Literacy: Advanced Writing

The aim of this course is threefold: first, to examine the ways in which American advertisers use language and linguistic knowledge; second, to help students develop effective written and oral communication skills; and third, to develop students' ability to critically evaluate and use information effectively. The entire course will revolve around American advertising and related topics, such as political campaign materials. It will also discuss the influence of advertising on American culture, the influence of the United States (especially Great Britain) on international advertising, and how different groups of people are represented in advertising. Prerequisites: English 1110.01, 1110.02, 1110.03 or equivalent; and the knowledge of a sophomore


2501 - Language learning

GEL Social Sciences: Individuals and Groups; GEL diversity: global surveys
GEN Foundation: Social and Behavioral Sciences

(Video) Curriculum Development in Language Teaching

Note: Not open to students taking credit for this course with a previous course number of 1100. Previous course numbers meet the same GEL/GEN requirements.

The goal of the course is to provide students with important tools that will help them become successful language teachers. Participants will become familiar with the fundamentals of the language, such as pronunciation of parts of speech and new sounds, which will enable them to anticipate and effectively solve problems with pronunciation, vocabulary building and sentence formation that often arise when learning a foreign language. Students will also learn about language differences in areas such as profanity, politeness and body language. They will also learn about different language teaching and learning styles, typical mistakes that language learners often make, and strategies to improve the effectiveness of language learning. The information will be presented in the context of the many languages ​​taught at OSU, allowing students to become familiar with some of the more than 30 languages ​​taught on campus.

3000 - Linguistics in writing

This course focuses on how to argue well. It is designed to help students develop writing and communication skills that can be applied to any future endeavor—academic or otherwise—while learning about the arguments and norms of the discipline of linguistics. Linguists write in many styles for different purposes, and subfields also differ in the way they structure their arguments. Students will analyze a range of ways of constructing arguments and develop their own verbal arguments in written and oral communication. In this way, they will learn to convey technical (linguistic) arguments to different target groups, ranging from linguists and a wider academic audience to the general public. Students will also acquire skills to adopt and reflect on social and ethical standards in the field. Prerequisite: English 1100 or other credit in Foundation: Writing and Information Literacy GE; andLing 2000 or 2000H or English 3271

3191 - Linguistic practice

Students earn points by working on projects related to the language area. The course is an intensive learning experience that expands the student's knowledge of specific aspects of the field of linguistics through practical, focused work. Internships may include working as an adjunct research assistant on a faculty research project or contributing to a language-related project as an intern in a company, organization or government. The students themselves are responsible for organizing their scientific assistant/internship positions, but are encouraged to contact a language advisor to discuss possible options. Internships outside the campus must be approved in advance by the student's language supervisor. Prerequisites: Ling 2000 or 2000H, plus at least 3 additional language courses and permission of the instructor

This number of subjects is not for self-study. Students conducting independent research must register for Ling 4998/4998H (non-thesis research) or Ling 4999/4999H (final thesis research).

3401 - Words and meanings

An introduction to linguistic meaning (semantics), focusing on word meaning, the role of word formation (morphology) in word meaning, changes in meaning over time and the cognitive processes involved in learning and using words. Prerequisites: Ling 2000 or 2000H and English 1110.01 or 1110.02 or 1110.03 or equivalent

3501 - Introduction to Native American Languages

GEL Social Sciences: Individuals and Groups; GEL diversity: global surveys

This course is an introduction to the linguistic study of Native American languages, focusing on (1) social and historical factors that have influenced some of these languages, particularly in terms of assimilation and language threat (e.g., settlement history, bilingual education, language policy, language attitudes), (2) aspects of the grammatical structure of American languages, and (3) ethical issues that arise from conducting research in Native American communities. The specific Aboriginal tribes, languages ​​and language families studied in the course may vary from semester to semester. Prerequisite: English 1110.01, 1110.02 or 1110.03 or equivalent

3502 - Klingon, Elven, Dothraki: The Linguistics of the Man-Made Languages

GEN Foundation: Literature, visual and performing arts

Artificial languages ​​like Klingon, Elven, and Dothraki may seem like the domain of the ComiCon crowd, but they have a long and varied history of ideas. Building a language requires a deep understanding of language mechanisms and the relationship between languages ​​and the cultures they come from. This course examines the linguistic complexity of language construction.

3601 - Language, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States

GEL culture and philosophy; GEL Diversity: Social Diversity in America
GEN Foundation: History and cultural studies; GEN Foundation: Race, Ethnic and Gender Diversity

This course examines the relationship between language and social structures such as race and ethnicity, with particular emphasis on race relations in the United States. It focuses on how language can be the basis of racial conflict, discrimination and lack of social opportunities. The primary focus of the course is the diversity of English used by members of American ethnic and racial groups and the general relationship between their language and their place in American society. Prerequisite: English 1110.01, 1110.02 or 1110.03 or equivalent


3603 - Intercultural language

GEL Social Sciences: Individuals and Groups; GEL diversity: global surveys

This course examines the relationship between language and culture in different societies to highlight similarities and differences between cultures. Topics include: (1) how language differences among members of society reflect social differences between them, (2) the role of language in social behavior, (3) the way language reflects social organization and individual social relations, (4) the relationship between language and culture , such as kinship, folk classification of nature and interpretation of the world, and (5) the relationship between language structure and categories of perception and cognition. Prerequisite: English 1110.01, 1110.02 or 1110.03 or equivalent


3605 - Language and social justice

GEN Topic: Citizenship in a just and diverse world

This course focuses on the role of language in promoting and hindering social justice and civil rights. Students will understand how national and local language policies in areas such as the education system, legislation and other key areas of social life affect disadvantaged groups' opportunities for social advancement. The course draws on a number of different disciplines, including sociolinguistics, pedagogy, sociology of language, anthropological linguistics and social psychology. Students will explore these disciplinary approaches to understand how language promotes or hinders social justice in a pluralistic world.

3701/3701H - Language and thought
Cross listed as PSYCH 3371

GEL Social Sciences: Individuals and Groups
GEN Foundation: Social and Behavioral Sciences

The subject presents the mental processes by which people create and understand sentences in conversation, how these processes take place in children and their basis in the brain. It covers, among other things, the following topics: (1) Speech perception, the process of detecting different "sounds" in a speech signal; (2) Lexical access, the process of “looking up” words in a mental dictionary; (3) Syntactic parsing, the process of discovering sentence structure; (4) semantic interpretation, the process of using syntactic structure, word meaning, and general knowledge of the world to explain what we hear; (5) language acquisition, the process by which a child is able to produce and understand sentences in the process of his native language, (f) Neurolinguistics, the study of how language functions are carried out in the brain. Prerequisite: Ling 2000 or 2000H or Psych 1100 or 1100H

(Video) What is linguistics? Department of Language and Linguistic Science


3801 - Creating and breaking passwords

GEN Embedded Literacy: Teknologi

This course has two main objectives. It introduces old and new techniques for making and breaking codes and shows how good and bad choices in how codes are used can affect their success or failure. Students will learn what code is, how it works, and how to use it. Topics to be discussed will include code breaking, digital signatures, quantum cryptography and deciphering ancient languages.


3802/3802H - language and data processing

GEL Quantitative reasoning: mathematical and logical analysis
GEN Foundation: Mathematics and quantitative reasoning or data analysis

What powers Siri? How does Google Translate understand more than 100 languages? In this course you will develop a deep understanding of the fundamentals of how computers are used to represent, process and organize text and spoken information, and discuss how language technology works and why it often does not. We will also consider social and ethical issues such as privacy, the creation and loss of jobs due to language technologies and the nature of consciousness and machine intelligence. Prerequisite: Sophomores or higher


3803 - The ethics of language technology

GEN Embedded Literacy: Technology, GEN Subject: Environment

The rapid growth of language technology capabilities is leading us to a world where computers make many of the decisions that affect our daily lives. Natural Language Processing (NLP) systems are already involved in employee recruitment, filtering what we say online and deciding how political campaigns approach us. These systems have enormous power - but often make unfair decisions that reflect and even reinforce the prejudices of the societies that created them. In this course, students learn how language processing systems are created and at what steps in the process bias and unfairness can occur. The course examines efforts to define, detect and quantify bias and how different ethical principles can lead to different results. Finally, students explore different approaches to solving ethical problems with language technologies, the extent to which they can be "fixed" and whether there is a problem that using NLP is too dangerous. This course is intended for advanced students from multiple disciplines and requires no specific prior knowledge in linguistics, mathematics, programming, or philosophy.

3901 - Language development and language change

GEL culture and philosophy
GEN Fonden: History and cultural studies

In this course we explore different types of language development and change, their causes, and the methods linguists use to analyze language change and model the relationship between dialects and languages. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of linguistic variation and external influences (such as social context, writing systems, contact with other speakers, contact with other cultures, ideologies and attitudes imposed by self and groups, etc.) Diversity and diversity. The counterbalance of convergence through coupling and standardization is also examined.


3902 - Language danger and language death

GEL interdisciplinary seminar, GEN theme: Migration, Mobility and Immobility

Of the approximately 7,000 languages ​​spoken in the world today, more than half are in serious danger of losing all their speakers and becoming completely extinct as living languages. This course explores the phenomenonlanguage hazard(Ithe death of language) From multiple perspectives: What are the social, economic and political factors that contribute to language/dialect extinction? How does the minority status of a language/dialect affect its speakers? What is the relationship between immigration, colonization and forced migration on the one hand and the emergence of potentially vulnerable linguistic minorities on the other? What influence does danger have on language/dialect structure? Are there significant parallels between the damage caused by languages/dialects and the damage to biological species? Between linguistic and biological diversity? Is danger to languages/dialects a new phenomenon or is it millennia old? Can language/dialect damage and death be reversed? Possible revitalization efforts? Did they succeed? Do new language forms emerging as immigrant varieties or colonization of the dominant majority language (ie "Creole") help stem the tide of linguistic threat? What can be done to document endangered languages/dialects? This course does not require knowledge of linguistics. During the semester, central principles and methods in linguistics that are relevant to the study of language hazards are introduced as needed.

4052 - Linguistics and scientific method

GEL Quantitative reasoning: mathematical and logical analysis
GEN Themes: Numbers, Nature, Mind
REembedded literacy: Data analysis

Note: Previously offered as Ling 2052H (Theory in Linguistics)

This course illustrates the basic principles of scientific thinking through concrete examples from the natural and social sciences, with an emphasis on psychology and linguistics. This course is suitable for students from all backgrounds, including non-science majors. Students will understand what it means to "do science".


4100 - Phonetics

This course is an introduction to phonetics, the scientific study of the sounds of the world's languages. In this course we will examine how human speech is produced, how it is described, how it relates to other areas of linguistics, and how all these topics can be studied experimentally. Laboratory assignments will provide opportunities for practical application of topics discussed in class and scholarly writing practice. Prerequisite: Ling 2000 or 2000H


4200 - Grammatik

In this course, students will be introduced to the main concepts and types of facts related to the branch of linguistics known as syntax. Syntax involves the knowledge of speakers of a language about how to construct correct sentences that express a particular meaning. The course explores a number of phenomena that illustrate how this aspect of grammar works, particularly with regard to the relationship between sentence structure and its meaning. Prerequisite: Ling 2000 or 2000H


(Video) Syllabus and Curriculum | Linguistics

4300 - Phonology

This course is an introduction to phonology: the study of the phonetic system of language. This course has two main goals: 1) to learn how to do phonemic analysis and 2) to become familiar with the types of phonemic patterns common in the world's languages. In pursuit of these two goals, the course will address issues related to linguistic description, data analysis, theory construction, and evaluation. Prerequisite: Ling 2000 or 2000H


Chapter 4350

This course introduces morphology, the study of the grammatical structure of words. It covers the basic principles of morphological analysis and introduces students to the major debates in the field about how to analyze morphological data. Languages ​​vary widely in how and to what extent they use word structures to convey meaning. Through hands-on data exploration, students will learn about the rich variety of morphological patterns in the world's languages ​​and what lies at the heart of word structure theory. Topics covered include morphology, derivation, allomorphism, unrelated morphologies, and morphological productivity. Prerequisite: Ling 2000 or 2000H


4400 - Linguistic meaning

The meaning of natural language expressions is subtle and complex and is a function of the regular content of the expression and various contextual factors. Semantics is the study of the convention system itself, while pragmatics studies how context plays a role in conveying meaning. The course introduces the study of meaning (semantics and pragmatics) in different languages, including word meaning, the contribution of syntactic structure and the role of context in interpretation. Prerequisite: Ling 2000 or 2000H


4550 - Introduction to field methods in linguistics

This course is a hands-on experience in examining and describing a language from scratch. The course will work with a native speaker advisor to help them learn a language they have never studied before and in many cases may not even have heard of. The language of the examination varies from semester to semester. Students will learn how to structure interviews with counselors to systematically explore the language. They will also learn to organize and analyze the data obtained and develop linguistic generalizations based on this. This course is a transition from the problematic world of an introductory linguistics course to the (sometimes messy, always unstructured) real world of linguistic research. The course will also familiarize the students with ethical issues in connection with language teaching and dissemination of field teaching results. Prerequisite: Ling 4100 or 4200 or 4300 or 4350 or 4400. May be repeated with permission from instructor and course change

4602 - Language and affiliation in the United States

GEL Social Sciences: Individuals and Groups; GEL diversity: social diversity in the United States

This course examines the relationship between language and social diversity in general language communities in the United States. It aims to illuminate how individuals and social groups differ in their choice of language and share (or not share) common norms of social evaluation and interpretation. In particular, the relationship between language and social parameters such as social status, race, ethnicity, gender, etc. will be explored. Finally, the role of language differences in the formation of social stereotypes, and their influence on social dominance or domination, will be explored. will be considered. damage.


4780 - Bachelor scientific seminar

This course introduces students to the implementation and professional introduction of original language research. Effective presentation of results is as important as the results themselves, because knowledge gained through research is lost if it is not communicatedconvincingin a suitable place. The workshop focuses on gradually honing each student's initial hunches for several research questions selected in collaboration with a faculty mentor, with an emphasis on formulating well-posed research hypotheses with a clear statement of relevant data, anomalies to be considered,Key recommendations to address these anomalies and use a variety of narrative strategies and graphical tools to create a compelling presentation of the analysis. Each week, students give a brief presentation of the phase of the project they worked on the previous week. The course culminates in a virtual mini-session at the end of the semester, where each student presents a research paper on their project (15-20 minutes) in the form of a professional language presentation. Prerequisite: LING 4100 or 4200 or 4300 or 4350 or 4400, language skills; or permission of the instructor

5050 - Technical tools for linguists

Practical training in standard computer tools for working with different types of language research. Students will learn computational techniques to access, search, and format linguistic data sets, including text corpora, speech and audio, structured representations (such as parse trees), and experimental measurements. The course will also cover data exploration and basic modeling.

5051 - Quantitative methods

Quantitative methods within the subdisciplines of linguistics, including data analysis, data interpretation and presentation, inferential statistics and statistical modelling. Prerequisites: Ling 2000 or 2000H or equivalent; or permission of the instructor

5101 - Phonetics: Voice theory

Principles of phonetic phonetics and some discussions of acoustic phonetics; practical production, recognition and transcription of sounds in different languages ​​of the world. Prerequisites: LING 4100 or 4300 or permission of instructor

5102 - Laboratory phonology

Introduction to laboratory methods in linguistics and quantitative speech models. Prerequisite: LING 5101

5201 - Syntactic theory

Syntactic theory, principles of syntactic description. Prerequisites: LING 5401 or permission of instructor

5202 - Theory of syntax II

Syntactic theory, principles of syntactic description. Prerequisite: LING 5201

5301 - Phonetic theory I

Introduction to speech analysis and the principles governing the structure, acquisition and variations of the phonological system; overview of the most important phonological theories. Prerequisites: LING 4100 or 4300 or permission of instructor

5302 - Topics in Advanced Phonology

Introduction to speech analysis and the principles governing the structure, acquisition and variations of the phonological system; overview of the most important phonological theories. Prerequisite: LING 5301

5351 - Morphological theory

Introduction and comparison of current morphological theory with applications to linguistic data and problems. Prerequisite: Ling 2000 or 2000H or permission of instructor

5401 - Semantic theory I

Problems and methods in linguistic semantics, using the theory of logical and semantic models as analytical tools; reference, composition, assumption, conversational implicature, speech acts, deixis. Prerequisites: LING 4400 or permission of instructor

5402 - Semantic theory II

Montague's semantics and recent semantic theory; analysis of important issues such as generalized quantifiers, case plurals and event descriptions, discourse representation theory. Prerequisite: LING 5401

(Video) Department of Language and Linguistic Science

5451 - Formalna pragmatika

It introduces the modern theory of pragmatic phenomena based on the theory of dynamic interpretation of formal semantics. Prerequisites: LING 5402 or permission of instructor.

5500 - language description

Information technology and (where available) textbooks and published language analyzes are used to analyze and describe language. Prerequisite: Ling 2000 or 2000H or permission of instructor

5501 - Introduction to African American English
Cross listed as AFAMAST 5501

An introduction to the structure and history of the various English languages ​​spoken by African Americans and the relationship between language use and sociocultural context. Prerequisite: Any Ling course at the 4000 level or higher

5551 - Terensic method I

A method for determining the speech system of a previously unknown language using local informants. Prerequisite: Ling 4100, 4200, 4300, 4350, 5101, 5201, 5301 or 5351

5552 - Another field method

A method for determining the morphological and syntactic systems of previously unknown languages ​​using local informants. Prerequisite: LING 5551

5601 - Introduction to Sociolinguistics

Overview of language research methods in social contexts: sociology of language, oral ethnography, discourse analysis, quantitative sociolinguistics. Prerequisite: Two Ling 2000 courses or higher

5602 - Introduction to Quantitative Sociolinguistics

Explore languages ​​in their social context through quantitative methods of language variation, including Lapovia and involvement models. Prerequisite: LING 5601

5603 - Field methods in sociolinguistics

Research methods in sociolinguistic fieldwork include interviews, observation, survey design and experimental work. Focus on methodology, planning and implementation. Prerequisite: LING 5601

5612 - Introduction to Cognitive Science
Listed as PSYCH 5612, PHILOS 5830, CSE 5531

Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary study of the nature of the human mind; psychology, philosophy, linguistics and artificial intelligence approaches to knowledge representation. Prerequisites: Faculty permission

5651 - Exposure to language

Examine the effects of language exposure on the language structures involved and the characteristics of the individuals and communities involved in the language exposure. Prerequisite: Two Ling 2000 courses or higher

5700 - Informal continuing education in natural sciences
Cross listed as PSYCH 5700 and EDUTL 5700

The purpose of this course is to provide students with hands-on training in non-formal science education at the COSI Museum. All students will learn to provide outreach in the museum; advanced students will develop outreach materials, assist with visible research activities, and mentor other students. Prerequisites: Faculty permission

5701 - Psycholinguistics I

An introduction to advanced language processing, word recognition, sentence comprehension and discourse processing. Prerequisite: Ling 3701 or 3701H or permission of instructor

LING 5702 - Cognitive models of language

Models of human language processing and the parsing and interpretation of language; probabilistic models, problems in experiments and model implementations. Prerequisites: 3701 or 3701H or any Ling course at the 4000 level or higher or permission of the instructor

5703 - Psycholinguistic methods of eye tracking

A hands-on laboratory course focusing on current eye movement tracking techniques as a measure of language processing. We will discuss preparation of screen-based/real-world auditory and visual stimuli, as well as methods for collecting and analyzing eye movement data. Students will have access to Tobias and ASL Mobile eye tracking devices. Prerequisite: LING 3701H or 5701

5801 - Computational linguistics I

Symbolic computing is applied to the structure of words and sentences, morphological and syntactic models, parsing algorithms. Prerequisites: Ling 2001, 3802, 3802H, 4200, 4400 or 5050; or any 5000 level Ling course; or any CSE course; or master's degree; or permission of the instructor

5802 - Datalinguistic II

Computer models for semantic interpretation and the role of pragmatic knowledge in sentence processing, implementation of current grammatical theory. Prerequisite: LING 5801

5803 - Computational semantics

Methods for building semantic representations for fragments of natural language and using such representations for inference. Prerequisite: LING 5801

5891 - Cognitive Science Seminar
Cross listed as CSE 5891, ISE 5891, PHILOS 5891, PSYCH 5891

Detailed study of the interdisciplinary field of cognitive science; emphasizes fundamental questions in each discipline, presents representative research conducted at OSU. Prerequisites: Faculty permission

5901 - Introduction to historical linguistics

Introduction to the methods and principles of historical linguistics. Prerequisite: LING 4100 or 4300 or 5101 or 5301 or permission of instructor

5906 - Special Topics in Indo-Iranian Linguistics

Possible topics include advanced classical Sanskrit, history of Sanskrit, Indo-Iranian or Indo-Aryan linguistics, or the study of ancient Indian grammarians. It can be repeated for a maximum of 9 points.

Advanced studies

Advanced studies

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(Video) Jonathan Culpeper - Department of Linguistics and English Language at Lancaster University

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How difficult is the study of linguistics? ›

Is linguistics hard to study? Linguistics is as hard as you make it out to be or as easy as the person teaching you makes it for you. Linguistics is not a micky mouse subject. There are numerous textbooks on it and kt's not as simple as learning grammar.

What are the basic questions that linguists through linguistics attempt to answer? ›

It is very much comparable to breaking up languages and figuring out how they work. Linguistics research tries to find answers to how our brains put together sentences (structure), how we are able to learn new languages (language acquisition) and why languages change.

What are the difficulties in implementing LAC? ›

Difficulty in implementing LAC approach

Introducing LAC requires a radical change in the attitudes and mentality of the teachers involved. Teachers have to be trained and prepared for integrating language into the subject matter teaching at school.

What are the questions that linguistics try to answer? ›

A: Linguistics is the field that tries to figure out how human language works — for example: how the languages of the world differ, how they are the same, and why; how children acquire language; how languages change over time and why; how we produce and understand language in real time; and how language is processed by ...

What is the hardest language class? ›

Across multiple sources, Mandarin Chinese is the number one language listed as the most challenging to learn. The Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center puts Mandarin in Category IV, which is the list of the most difficult languages to learn for English speakers.

Do linguists know a lot of languages? ›

And they may be right: you may, in fact, be a polyglot! But while many linguists do speak multiple languages—or at least know a fair bit about multiple languages—the study of linguistics means much more than this. Linguistics is the scientific study of language. Many topics fall under this umbrella.

Which question are most modern linguists not interested in answering? ›

But linguists are generally not interested in issuing pronouncements about what should be permitted or what should be called what. Their aim is simply to find out what language (including spoken language) is like.

What are the top 3 challenges to having a successful LAC session? ›

These constitute three challenges which were specified as follows: a) lack of preparation and professional development; b) excessive academic load for the students; and c) integration of lessons in real-life context.

What problems might arise during the implementation of the curriculum? ›

During the process of curriculum implementation, we may find obstacles that vary with the curriculum itself, location, political situation, economic situation, teacher preparation, facilities and plenty other factors, making it more complex to execute.

What do you think are the key characteristics of strong and effective LAC sessions? ›

The key indicators for the effectiveness of the LAC is that there are clear evidences of:
  • critical reflection amongst teachers leading to changes in classroom practice;
  • increased understanding and knowledge of the curriculum; and.
Jun 7, 2016

What is the most important in linguistics? ›

Hence, we conclude that the Dictionary and grammar is the most important for linguists.

What are the three focuses of linguistics? ›

Important subfields of linguistics include:

Morphology - the study of word structure. Syntax - the study of sentence structure. Semantics - the study of linguistic meaning.

What is one of the most intriguing questions as I teach linguistics? ›

As I teach linguistics, one of the most intriguing questions for my students is whether all human beings think in a similar way—regardless of the language they use to convey their thoughts—or if the language we speak affects the way we think.

What is the 3 hardest language to learn? ›

Let's explore the 10 hardest languages for English speakers to learn, and the challenges they deliver:
  1. Mandarin. Mandarin is spoken by 70% of the Chinese population, and is the most spoken language in the world. ...
  2. Arabic. ...
  3. Japanese. ...
  4. Hungarian. ...
  5. Korean. ...
  6. Finnish. ...
  7. Basque. ...
  8. Navajo.
Sep 16, 2022

What is the rarest language to learn? ›

Kawishana is the rarest language in the world.

What is the 7 hardest language to learn? ›

Which is the most difficult language for English Speakers?
  • 1 – Chinese (Mandarin)
  • 2 – Arabic.
  • 3 – Japanese.
  • 4 – Korean.
  • 5 – Hungarian.
  • 6 – Finnish.
  • 7 – Xhosa.
Feb 7, 2020

What is the world's easiest language? ›

The following ten languages are most closely related to English, and are therefore the easiest for a native English speaker to learn:
  1. Afrikaans. Like English, Afrikaans is in the West Germanic language family, once thought of as a Dutch dialect. ...
  2. French. ...
  3. Spanish. ...
  4. Dutch. ...
  5. Norwegian. ...
  6. Portuguese. ...
  7. Swedish. ...
  8. Italian.
Nov 3, 2022

What's the easiest language in the world to learn? ›

5 easy languages to learn
  • English. It's the most widely spoken language in the world, making practice possible. ...
  • Spanish. It's heavily influenced by Latin and Arabic, spoken as it's written and has fewer irregularities than other romance languages. ...
  • Italian. ...
  • Swahili.

What is the easiest language to learn if you speak English? ›

Of these, Spanish and Italian are the easiest for native English speakers to learn, followed by Portuguese and finally French.

Does learning a language raise IQ? ›

Learning another language is one of the most effective and practical ways to increase intelligence, keep your mind sharp, and buffer your brain against aging.

Do people who speak multiple languages have higher IQ? ›

In the early nineteen fifties, researchers found that people scored lower on intelligence tests if they spoke more than one language. Research in the sixties found the opposite. Bilingual people scored higher than monolinguals, people who speak only one language.

Which country has the most linguists? ›

Papua New Guinea is the most linguistically diverse country in the world, with approximately 840 languages used, more than twice as many as the entire continent of Europe.

Is it possible that a linguist speaks only one language? ›

“Polyglot” is the term used for a person who has knowledge of multiple languages. And although it is possible for a person to be both a linguist and a polyglot, it is just as possible that a linguist speaks only one language.

What do most linguists agree on a total of? ›

But most linguists agree that there are well over 5,000 languages in the world.

What is the closest linguistic relative to modern English? ›

The Frisian languages, which together with the Anglic languages form the Anglo-Frisian languages, are the closest living relatives of English.

How long does it take to study linguistics? ›

Linguistics degrees usually take three or four years to complete depending on the country, or if you choose to study linguistics alongside a modern language, you may get the opportunity to undertake a longer course with one year spent studying abroad.

What subjects are best for linguistics? ›

Good subjects to have studied include: English language or literature, other language subjects, essay-based subjects or maths at A Level (or equivalent)

What is the purpose of SLAC? ›

To enhance the teachers' pedagogical knowledge, skills and attitudes in early grades literacy and numeracy.  To improve teachers' ability in assessing the learners in early grades in literacy and numeracy skills.  To improve the teaching – learning process that will lead to improved learning among the pupils.

What is the success indicator in LAC session? ›

Based on the FGD and interview, the success indicator for the LAC session was on the Classroom Observation of Teachers (COT) conducted by the Department Head or the Master teacher. Another, they mentioned means of verification (MOV), where this serves as evidence if they achieved their objectives.

Why curriculum implementation fails? ›

Project goals are often too ambitious for the resources and time available. There is no system approach, which ignores the complexity of curriculum change. There is too little attention for the professionalization of teachers who need to implement these changes.

What are the disadvantages of a curriculum? ›

The curricula does not cover everything a student needs to know. Once they are developed and approved they are usually difficult to modify and revise due to the effort required to do so. Slow changes in the curricula often means that the curricula is not always up-to-date and in line with current trends and practices.

What specific suggestions would you make to enhance the curriculum? ›

7 Ways to Improve Your Curriculum Development Process
  • What are the typical curriculum development steps?
  • Settle on concrete goals.
  • Learn about your audience.
  • Make sure information is up-to-date.
  • Prioritize using new technology.
  • Tailor curriculum to meet virtual or in-person needs.
  • Be deliberate with your time.
Sep 6, 2022

What are the three conditions of effective learning? ›

Learning should be purposeful. The learning must sense and be useful to the learners. Objectives must be clear and meaningful to the learners.

What is the most effective way of learning session? ›

The most effective practice is to work a short time on each class every day. The total amount of time spent studying will be the same (or less) than one or two marathon library sessions, but you will learn the information more deeply and retain much more for the long term—which will help get you an A on the final.

What do the 3 characteristics of effective teaching and learning focuses on? ›

Three characteristics of effective teaching and learning are: playing and exploring - children investigate and experience things, and 'have a go'
The following guidance documents may support you in understanding this important aspect of provision:
  • Playing and exploring.
  • Active learning.
  • Creating and thinking critically.

What are the four linguistic skills? ›

When we say that someone 'speaks' a language fluently, we usually mean that they have a high level in all four skills – listening, speaking, reading and writing.

What are the two main purpose of linguistics? ›

Linguistics helps us understand our world

Apart from simply understanding the intricacies of world languages, this knowledge can be applied to improving communication between people, contributing to translation activities, assisting in literacy efforts, and treating speech disorders.

What are the five branches of linguistics? ›

Linguists interested in language structure consider the formal properties of language, including word structure (morphology), sentence structure (syntax), speech sounds and the rules and patterns between them (phonetics and phonology), and meaning in language (semantics and pragmatics).

What is linguistics in simple words? ›

Linguistics is the study of language - how it is put together and how it functions. Various building blocks of different types and sizes are combined to make up a language. Sounds are brought together and sometimes when this happens, they change their form and do interesting things.

What are the 6 scopes of linguistics? ›

Some of its main sub-disciplines are semantics (the study of meaning), phonology (the study of sounds), morphology (the study of parts of words), pragmatics (language function), syntax (language structure), psycholinguistics (language and the mind), sociolinguistics, (language and society) and historical linguistics ( ...

What is an example of linguistics? ›

Linguistics looks at: The general phenomenon of human language. Different families of languages (example: Germanic, including English, German, Dutch and Scandinavian, among others). Specific languages (example: Arabic, Mandarin and French).

How can I be a better linguist? ›

Attention to Detail

Quality linguists must always have a sharp eye for detail. Being able to identify why certain words sound the same and how to properly pronounce them is one of the most important attributes any linguist should have (especially for linguists that are also educators).

What are the basic questions of linguistics? ›

The questions that linguists ask are such as the following: How do linguistic structures relate to the sounds we utter, and how do these relate to the meaning that we express? What is the structure of these sounds, and how are they articulated?

Is there a lot of math in linguistics? ›

Linguistics often uses mathematics to study and model phenomena of language. That being said, however, the usefulness and type of mathematics will vary greatly by your concentration within linguistics.

What is a linguistics class like? ›

Linguistics is a major that gives you insight into one of the most intriguing aspects of human knowledge and behavior. Majoring in linguistics means that you will learn about many aspects of human language, including sounds (phonetics, phonology), words (morphology), sentences (syntax), and meaning (semantics).

How long does it take to learn linguistic? ›

True language fluency requires consistent effort and time, and while 500 – 1,000 hours may seem like a lot, a typical person could probably invest that level of time over 12 – 18 months, with the right study schedule.

Is it worth it to major in linguistics? ›

The career possibilities are vast, according to alumni, peer advisors and faculty. Linguistics, the systematic study of human language, provides a strong foundation for working in speech pathology, education, journalism, law, artificial intelligence and computer-mediated language learning, among other fields.

What do linguists most often study? ›

Linguistics is the scientific study of language. It involves analysing the many different aspects that make up human language by looking at its form, structure and context. Linguistics also looks at the interplay between sound and meaning, and how language varies between people and situations.

How many languages does the average linguist speak? ›

Linguists learn the languages and they are considered better informed if they are well versed in multiple languages. But, it does not mean that they should speak so many languages. On average, the linguists speak 2? 3 languages.

How do I study linguistics? ›

Students of linguistics often begin with a basic understanding of each level of language, then specialize in one or more levels or in a practical application of linguistics. The smallest units of language are studied in the field of phonetics, which concerns itself with the individual sounds produced while speaking.

What do you call a person who studies linguistics? ›

Linguists study every aspect of language, including vocabulary, grammar, the sound of language, and how words evolve over time. The study of language is called linguistics, and people who study linguistics are linguists.

Why should I take a linguistics class? ›

Studying linguistics will help you acquire valuable intellectual skills, such as analytical reasoning, critical thinking, argumentation, and the ability to express yourself clearly in writing.

Is it harder to learn languages after 25? ›

Many people believe that you lose the ability to learn new languages as you get older. Language experts, however, will tell you that you're never too old to learn a new language. As you get older, it can be more difficult to learn a new language, though. Children and adults learn new languages in different ways.

What is the most useful language to learn? ›

The 7 Best Languages To Learn
  1. Spanish. Spanish is the second most commonly spoken language after Mandarin, and not a surprise at the top of languages to learn. ...
  2. German. ...
  3. Arabic. ...
  4. Mandarin. ...
  5. Portuguese. ...
  6. Russian. ...
  7. French.
Oct 19, 2022


1. Department of Linguistics
(University of Johannesburg official Youtube)
2. Andrew Hardie - Department of Linguistics and English Language, Lancaster University
3. Department of English, Linguistics And Cultural Studies University of Westminster
(University of Westminster)
4. Welcome to the Department of Languages, Literatures & Linguistics
(York University - Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies)
5. Department of Linguistics
(Faculty of Humanities - University of Kelaniya)
6. Professor Ray S. Jackendoff seminar at the department of linguistics at Lund University
(Mehdi Sabzevari)
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